William McKinley

William McKindley, was the 25th president. He was a soldier, a lawyer, a congressman and a governor of Ohio before he becomes president. He was republican and elected two terms in the office. He was according to historian, a very popular president. He led the country into its modern position as a global economic and military power. He created jobs, businesses were doing great and international trades increased powerfully. He also won the Spanish- American war during his term.

Shortly and only a few months after his second term began in 1901, he was assassinated. After his second inauguration, he undertook a tour to out reach to American people when he was assassinated in Buffalo, New York while handshaking and greeting public by Leon Czolhosz, a mentally disturbed individual.

He was a Civil War hero, when he was only 18 year old. He volunteered by bravery delivering supplies and food to soldiers in horrifying battles and war zones. He soon earned the rank of second lieutenant on the battlefield and served as an officer on several other battles, including Opequan, Cedar Creek, and Fisher Hill.

After war was over, McKinley went to Ohio to study law and passed the bar exam in 1867 and opened his own law office.

William McKinley has brought prosperity back to the homeland. He applied and chosen tariffs to protect and improve American industry, also stimulate growth and investment to dominate the business sector.

Open Door Policy was introduced by McKinley to extend international trade and relations with China, opening up to a vast new market.

William McKinley was indeed very popular by public and most who known him. His assassination had left a depressing remark on his wife, Ida McKinley, the daughter of a fortune banker, educated and fashionable lady. They had two daughters who both died at the very young age. Ida never really recovered after the death of her husband and she died several years after him and buried in the McKinley Memorial Mausoleum in Canton along with her husband and their two daughter.

After Mckinley assassination, Vice President Theodore Roosevelt took the president office in September 14, 1901.









Benjamin Harrison

“The law, the will of the majority … is the only king to which we bow” Ben Harrison

Benjamin Harrison was 23rd president of the United States. He was born in Ohio in 1833. He was a lawyer and he was with Republican Party. He was 55 when he took over the office.

He was soft spoken and liked to follow the law. He was capable of balancing between politics and law and he was president for two terms.

Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Washington, Idaho and Wyoming all became states during his presidency, and he supported measures that helped several other territories such as Utah, Oklahoma, and Hawaii become states after he left office. When Harrison took office in 1889, the number of states in the Union was 38; when he left office in 1891, it had grown to 44.

Harrison biggest challenge during his presidency was foreign relations. The Great Britain and The United States argued over fishing rights in the Bering Straits around Alaska Territory.

In addition, he faced some challenges with diplomatic crisis between the United State and Italy.

Harrison was often challenged by Congress and although he was an effective president, not a powerful or an inspiring one. After he left the office, he returned to his law practice and served as an attorney in international trails. He also wrote the book “This Country of Ours”, which explains how the federal government operates.

Ben Harrison was raised in a family of politicians. His grandfather, William Henry Harrison, was 9th president of the United States. Ben was seven years old when his grandfather became the president. His great-grandfather, also named Benjamin Harrison, was of the the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Ben’s father, John, was elected to Congress when Ben was 21 years old.

For John, his father and his son both served the United States as presidents.

Benjamin Harrison went to the University of Miami in Ohio, and married his friend of several years, Caroline Livinia Scott in 1953.

Harrison established The McKinley Tariff, that placed high taxes on many imported goods, was signed into law. Also The Sherman Antitrust Act, which made it illegal for large corporation to force out small businesses from the market, was passed. And his support for Civil War veterans let to authorization of government funds for disable veterans.

Harrison died in March 1901 and buried in Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis, Indiana.









Inauguration 2017

Trump has become the 45th President of the United State!

It will be a while until I can go through a little history about each presidents in the past to get into Trump’s story. However, I decided to jump in and say that last Friday, on January 20, 2017 Donald Trump, the business owner and the fortune runner of Trump Hotels has become the President who is going to run this great country for the next four years.

It is going to be interesting! As I am reading about each president and trying to picture their inauguration and news of their times, knowing this is my first time witnessing such an event with my own eyes feels and sound strange!

No, I did not attend for the inauguration on Friday. I watched it online. No, I did not attend for the Women’s March the next Saturday. I saw the news after.

I do not have any strong feelings about this election as I have lost a love one who meant the whole world to me, only a few days before this election in November 2016. And yet, after almost three months, I still feel that it was only yesterday or hours ago when I hold my Dad’s hand for the very last time. My mind is incapable of understanding the time and space in this shocking and emotional lost.

Grief is defiantly a heavy cloud that would block ones from the rest of the world, it may have been isolated me and it is a pain that does not get any better as days go on. But I know that staying busy will help me getting through these extremely difficult days.

I am so consumed with my own emotions and overwhelmed with my feelings and thoughts about the sudden lost of my Dad, that I cannot think straight about politics or news at all.

I am aware that it will be a much hotter topic to speak about Trump’s Presidency at this time. However, I will continue my work on this site to dig more into the past history and bring in some more information and stories about past presidents.

And to the best man in my whole entire world; Dad, I wish as always you could read my posts, I really miss you. Thank you for always supporting and encouraging me for everything I wanted to do. Without you encouraging me, I would never started this weblog. Thank you and I love you more and more every day, whether you are present or in heaven, you are always with me. I Love you.

Thank you for had me started this weblog.


Solmaz Bayat.






Chester A. Arthur

He was the twenty-first president of The United States (September 20, 1881-March 4, 1885). Arthur was Vice President under Garfield and became president after the president was shot twice by Charles Guiteau.
Chester A. Arthur was nicknamed “ the Gentleman Boss” and his friends called him “Chet”.
He enjoyed Salmon fishing a lot and decorated the office when he took over. He hired the best interior designer of the day, Louis Comfort Tiffany, and refused to move in after he first looked at the place.

Arthur’s support for a better and more fair treatment of Chinese immigrants and reducing the citizenship waiting period to ten years.

One of the most significant achievement during his presidency was his support for the appropriation bill that added new ships to the U.S Navy and it lead to the United Sates becoming a major naval power. A decade later, the country achieved a smooth victory in the Spanish-American War thanks in large part to its strong Navy.

I hope you enjoyed.


Grover Cleveland

Twenty-second and twenty-fourth president of the United States!

Yes!!! Cleveland is the only U.S president who have served nonconsecutive terms. He is also known for his famous quote “ A public office is a public trust.”

He is a president who considered to have been a strong president for his independent and leadership.
One for democratic party, with high school education who spent most of his government jobs in New York and Buffalo; was born in New Jersey and was a brother of Elizabeth Cleveland.

His sister was one of the most respected women who truly supported and fought for women rights and equalizing between genders. However, Grover did not make it any easier for his sister as he was publicly disagree with her.
He was also caught on a scandal with a widow, Maria Halpin, in Buffalo in the 1870s and had a son from her which he took full responsibility for.

His political appointments were continually questioned by Congress. Maybe for all that, he mostly tried to improve and protect policies rather than aggressively establishing new ones.

He married Frances Folsom and was the first president to have his wedding hosted at the White House. Frances was a very popular first lady indeed.

There has been many impressive names during Cleveland’s presidency from women rights activist to investors. Mostly known J. P. Morgan, one of the most recognized investors in American history was an investment banker and founder of the company who had major influence on American finances at the time. Morgan was involved in the finances of the federal government, and he started the world’s first billion-dollar corporation. He was educated in Europe and New England. It all worked out for Morgan, but it wasn’t the same for Cleveland.

Cleveland second term started with many economical difficulties. According to historians, over 500 banks failed in 1893, major railroads went bankrupt, million of workers ended up unemployed and many went on strike.

All I can say, is that for financial reasons it was good to be Morgan and not the president.

Alright, that is all I got for 22nd and 24th president.

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James A. Garfield

James A. Garfield

“A brave man is one who dares to look the Devil in the face and tell him he is a Devil.”
James A. Garfield

Twentieth president of the United States, James A. Garfield, was a Republican. He only served as a president for six months. He was wounded by an assassin and lived for ten more weeks after the shooting before he dies on September 19th, 1881 in New Jersey.
Before being elected president, he served in Congress for seventeen years.
He was very talented as a public speaker and enjoyed reading and hunting very much.
Unfortunately Wounded president was taken where surgeons removed bullets from his body. A metal detector, a recent invention by Alexander Graham Bell was used to locate the bullets in his body. But one bullet remained undetected and infection caused by that bullet continued to spread and Garfield never recovered.
During his short service, Garfield showed as an independent and powerful president.


Rutherford B. Hayes

Rutherford B. Hayes

Nineteenth president of the United States, Rutherford B. Hayes faced one of the most challenging presidential elections in American history. He promised to serve only one term as a president, but it wasn’t likely that he wins the second term election. Many argue that Hayes provided stability and moderate leadership to American system. Hayes lobbied for civil rights of minorities, specially African Americans and Chinese American, at the time when many white Americans were fighting to maintain a base of power that was theirs alone.
Hayes was an educated president from Harvard University Law School. He was also well educated with literature and natural science. He was also well traveled.
Before he becomes president, he joined the local Literature Club of Cincinnati, where he met many of the city’s powerful citizens. He also is known as an effective war leader and a brave soldier in his career as a soldier.
Hayes wasn’t able to resolve political conflict between Republican and Democrats, but he was effective in ending Reconstruction, reforming the civil service, and strengthening the economy.
Hayes was very effective in problem solving a disturbed economy, paying off the national debt and helping widespread inflation.
Hayes was married to Lucy Ware Webb and he was born, died and buried in Ohio.
“Let us wipe out in our policies the color line forever”.
Rutherford B. Hayes.