Woodrow Wilson was the 28th president. He served two terms in the office and he was a democrat. He was very academic, was a lawyer, professor and Princeton University president.
Wilson was also local to Washington, D.C. He was born in Staunton, Virginia and studied his bachelor in Princeton, continued his education in University of Virginia Law School and received his Ph.D from Johns Hopkins University.
He was the governor of New Jersey as his government job before his presidency.
Wilson was truly a respectful writer and educator. His voice was successful to set up political agendas of the nation when there was a desire for it.
Wilson introduced the idea of tax based on income level and worked on some “unfair” trade practices such as illegal child labor, maximum 40 hours of weekly work for railroad workers and pushed through Congress for several other bills and legislations which let to creation of the Federal Trade Commission.
He was a highly effective president who achieved and accomplished so much so quickly. Moreover, his excellent relationship with the press had assisted him to publicize and explain his positions and goals to public. He had a very firm, educated and colorful language that could effectively communicate with almost everyone in public. Wilson was able to relay on majority of support from Democrats in Congress and he was excellent in his communication skills.
Wilson was faced with some personal challenges when Ellen Wilson, the First Lady’s health began to treating her well being. Simultaneously, Mexico raised some disputes and conflicts and, World War I broke out in Europe when Germany invaded France. The World War I, eventually involved 32 countries and lasted for more than a decade.
Although America was officially neutral at the beginning of the conflict, but the war and devision in Europe among more powerful countries forced U.S. to take sides to protect its own trades. Due to more powerful balance of trades, America favored Allied countries (Great Britain, France and Russia) over the Axis powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Turkey).
Wilson’s education and great writing skills helped him released a document to Congress that clearly described his idealistic mission which was presented as Fourteen Points. His diplomacy blueprint, established the League of Nations to lead and help nations to avoid going to war and pursue peace. This organization became part of United Nation (UN) and although the League of Nations failed later, but its ideologies remains effective in UN. Wilson was awarded the Nobel Peace Price in recognition of his effort to settle world peace.
While he won international admiration aboard, his opponents at home won the majority vote at the election to Republican in Congress.
Wilson’s legacy is a lasting influence on the country. Some of his ideas and establishment which positively influenced the country are included, his New Freedom program, Federal Reserve System, the graduated income tax, and Federal Trade Commission.
Historians wrote that he was the first U.S. president to set America on its course of becoming a world power.
In his two terms he led the country perfectly well in course of the First World War. In his address to Congress which was delivered on April 1917, he wrote:
” The ability to declare and lead in war is subject to the same checks and balances as other powers of the federal government. A president cannot go to war without the permission of Congress”.
Republican political party took over in election after Wilson and Warren G. Harding became the next president for only two years from March 1921 to August 1923.
Read more on Warren G. Harding in my next post.