Warren G. Harding

Harding only served as a U.S. president for two years before he died. Illegal financial scandals and administration cheating on personal earning was discovered after he passed.

He rewarded his loyal friends with important government posts and they betrayed his trust. Also his own personal scandals created a little bit of issues. Although he was married to Florence Mabel Kling, but his involvement with two other ladies had left a remark on his reputation.

Apparently and according to historian standards, he was a tall, handsome and good looking president. Before his job in politics, Harding was a newspaper publisher in his early twenties. The newspaper called Marion Star. He worked for 12 years campaigning for Republican and his career in politics, he was elected to the Ohio State Senate in 1900. Harding spent two years as a state senator.

Two things that helped Harding get elected as a president was that he supported Prohibition of Alcohol and woman’s right to vote. He was against both, however he decided to promote these two which helped him become the president. He became president in the first election which women had a right to vote.

He promised his supporters “America First” in his election, and as he promised when he became the president, immigration was restricted, Tariffs on imported good were raise and he signed Budget and Accounting Act which stricter accounting practices in developing the annual federal budget which led to more savings.

Harding became the first president to visit Alaska, when the territory was not a state.  Alaska became a state in 1959. This was a visit as a part of a tour Harding took with the first lady and on his way back to Seattle, he suddenly became ill. His physician called it a food poisoning and refused to let any other doctor to examine him and convinced army surgeons that the president suffered a heart attack. Harding continued on the trip and died on August 2, 1923, in San Francisco.

 

 

 

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Thomas Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson was the 28th president. He served two terms in the office and he was a democrat. He was very academic, was a lawyer, professor and Princeton University president.

Wilson was also local to Washington, D.C. He was born in Staunton, Virginia and studied his bachelor in Princeton, continued his education in University of Virginia Law School and received his Ph.D from Johns Hopkins University.

He was the governor of New Jersey as his government job before his presidency.

Wilson was truly a respectful writer and educator. His voice was successful to set up political agendas of the nation when there was a desire for it.

Wilson introduced the idea of tax based on income level and worked on some “unfair” trade practices such as illegal child labor, maximum 40 hours of weekly work for railroad workers and pushed through Congress for several other bills and legislations which let to creation of the Federal Trade Commission.

He was a highly effective president who achieved and accomplished so much so quickly. Moreover, his excellent relationship with the press had assisted him to publicize and explain his positions and goals to public. He had a very firm, educated and colorful language that could effectively communicate with almost everyone in public. Wilson was able to relay on majority of support from Democrats in Congress and he was excellent in his communication skills.

Wilson was faced with some personal challenges when Ellen Wilson, the First Lady’s health began to treating her well being. Simultaneously, Mexico raised some disputes and conflicts and, World War I broke out in Europe when Germany invaded France. The World War I, eventually involved 32 countries and lasted for more than a decade.

Although America was officially neutral at the beginning of the conflict, but the war and devision in Europe among more powerful countries forced U.S. to take sides to protect its own trades. Due to more powerful balance of trades, America favored Allied countries (Great Britain, France and Russia) over the Axis powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Turkey).

Wilson’s education and great writing skills helped him released a document to Congress that clearly described his idealistic mission which was presented as Fourteen Points. His diplomacy blueprint, established the League of Nations to lead and help nations to avoid going to war and pursue peace. This organization became part of United Nation (UN) and although the League of Nations failed later, but its ideologies remains effective in UN.  Wilson was awarded the Nobel Peace Price in recognition of his effort to settle world peace.

While he won international admiration aboard, his opponents at home won the majority vote at the election to Republican in Congress.

Wilson’s legacy is a lasting influence on the country. Some of his ideas and establishment which positively influenced the country are included, his New Freedom program, Federal Reserve System, the graduated income tax, and Federal Trade Commission.

Historians wrote that he was the first U.S. president to set America on its course of becoming a world power.

In his two terms he led the country perfectly well in course of the First World War. In his address to Congress which was delivered on April 1917, he wrote:

” The ability to declare and lead in war is subject to the same checks and balances as other powers of the federal government. A president cannot go to war without the permission of Congress”.

Republican political party took over in election after Wilson and Warren G. Harding became the next president for only two years from March 1921 to August 1923.

Read more on Warren G. Harding in my next post.

 

 

 

 

William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft only served as the U.S. President for one term. Before he became the president, he worked in judicial, diplomatic and cabinet positions.

Great economic growth continued in the first decade of the twentieth century when Taft was president, small business expanded, urban population continued to grow and social conditions improved.

Dispute between socialists and capitalism was one of the main challenges of Taft presidency and he seems to be unable to please either sides.

He was a law professor and named chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court in 1921 which was about a decade after he was president.

Taft’s son, Robert Alphonso Taft, became a very influential Republican in Congress in the 1940s. His son was the creator of NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Taft established the policy as “substituting dollars for bullet” which assist nations with military challenged issue assistant in return for business opportunities. This policy had wonderfully increased benefits to the nation export trades.

The 27th president of the U.S. was in favor of the foreign trade, Yale University graduate, Republican who served in several public service position. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia.

 

 

Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt became the 26th president when William McKinley was shot and killed in September 14, 1901.

Roosevelt was the Vice President at the time. He ended up running for two terms and he was one of the most popular of all the American presidents. He loved being active and to take actions, he was a great leader and his foreign policy made the United States more powerful than it has ever been before in Western world.

He had extraordinary energy, he was a fearless military leader, he was defending individual rights while growing business and industrial large companies, he wrote more than 30 books and he won the Nobel Peace Prize.

He was very educated and from early ages of his childhood, Theodore Roosevelt had developed his interests in variety of subjects. He also admired and enjoyed American history and literature. He enjoyed learning other languages, and as a teen he lived with his family in Germany, where he learned German language.

Roosevelt was a Harvard University graduate, in love with nature and outdoors and self-tought expert on birds, flowers and animals. He loved physical activities and sport and even though he suffered from asthma as a child, he developed a very healthy lifestyle as an adult and enjoyed playing sports.

He is known to be an influential, popular president.

“To announce that there should be no criticism of the president, or that we are to stand by the president, right or wrong, is not only unpatriotic and servile, but is morally treasonable to the American public”. -Theodore Roosevelt.

 

 

 

 

William McKinley

William McKindley, was the 25th president. He was a soldier, a lawyer, a congressman and a governor of Ohio before he becomes president. He was republican and elected two terms in the office. He was according to historian, a very popular president. He led the country into its modern position as a global economic and military power. He created jobs, businesses were doing great and international trades increased powerfully. He also won the Spanish- American war during his term.

Shortly and only a few months after his second term began in 1901, he was assassinated. After his second inauguration, he undertook a tour to out reach to American people when he was assassinated in Buffalo, New York while handshaking and greeting public by Leon Czolhosz, a mentally disturbed individual.

He was a Civil War hero, when he was only 18 year old. He volunteered by bravery delivering supplies and food to soldiers in horrifying battles and war zones. He soon earned the rank of second lieutenant on the battlefield and served as an officer on several other battles, including Opequan, Cedar Creek, and Fisher Hill.

After war was over, McKinley went to Ohio to study law and passed the bar exam in 1867 and opened his own law office.

William McKinley has brought prosperity back to the homeland. He applied and chosen tariffs to protect and improve American industry, also stimulate growth and investment to dominate the business sector.

Open Door Policy was introduced by McKinley to extend international trade and relations with China, opening up to a vast new market.

William McKinley was indeed very popular by public and most who known him. His assassination had left a depressing remark on his wife, Ida McKinley, the daughter of a fortune banker, educated and fashionable lady. They had two daughters who both died at the very young age. Ida never really recovered after the death of her husband and she died several years after him and buried in the McKinley Memorial Mausoleum in Canton along with her husband and their two daughter.

After Mckinley assassination, Vice President Theodore Roosevelt took the president office in September 14, 1901.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Benjamin Harrison

“The law, the will of the majority … is the only king to which we bow” Ben Harrison

Benjamin Harrison was 23rd president of the United States. He was born in Ohio in 1833. He was a lawyer and he was with Republican Party. He was 55 when he took over the office.

He was soft spoken and liked to follow the law. He was capable of balancing between politics and law and he was president for two terms.

Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Washington, Idaho and Wyoming all became states during his presidency, and he supported measures that helped several other territories such as Utah, Oklahoma, and Hawaii become states after he left office. When Harrison took office in 1889, the number of states in the Union was 38; when he left office in 1891, it had grown to 44.

Harrison biggest challenge during his presidency was foreign relations. The Great Britain and The United States argued over fishing rights in the Bering Straits around Alaska Territory.

In addition, he faced some challenges with diplomatic crisis between the United State and Italy.

Harrison was often challenged by Congress and although he was an effective president, not a powerful or an inspiring one. After he left the office, he returned to his law practice and served as an attorney in international trails. He also wrote the book “This Country of Ours”, which explains how the federal government operates.

Ben Harrison was raised in a family of politicians. His grandfather, William Henry Harrison, was 9th president of the United States. Ben was seven years old when his grandfather became the president. His great-grandfather, also named Benjamin Harrison, was of the the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Ben’s father, John, was elected to Congress when Ben was 21 years old.

For John, his father and his son both served the United States as presidents.

Benjamin Harrison went to the University of Miami in Ohio, and married his friend of several years, Caroline Livinia Scott in 1953.

Harrison established The McKinley Tariff, that placed high taxes on many imported goods, was signed into law. Also The Sherman Antitrust Act, which made it illegal for large corporation to force out small businesses from the market, was passed. And his support for Civil War veterans let to authorization of government funds for disable veterans.

Harrison died in March 1901 and buried in Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis, Indiana.