Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln

A legend, a president, what would you call him, Abraham Lincoln. A leader, a great speaker, a hero, a president, again Abraham Lincoln.

Stable, strong, stunning achievement in history, Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the United States, from March 4, 1861 to April 15, 1865.

He is most famous for ending the era of slavery. The humble man with no formal education or religion was from Republican political party, whose leadership during the Civil War, made a great history in his nation greatest crisis up to the present.

As a president, a leader or a politician, he was an ambitious and skilled speaker. He knew the power of moments and was making the best decision to make the best impression whenever it came to an opportunity.

Image Lincoln Memorial. Washington D.C

Historian said and it become one of my favorite quotes that once when someone accused Lincoln for being two faced, Lincoln replied “If I had another, why do you think I’d showing you this one?”

Sense of humor, power of leadership, purity and humanitarian are words that come to my mind whenever I hear the name Abraham Lincoln. Unfortunately, he was assassinated shortly after the war. President Lincoln is buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Illinois. But his impressive memorial in Washington D.C is one of the most popular nation’s landmarks, where I attended and enjoyed the celebration of Independence Day, in my first year in the United States. One of the most beautiful fireworks, the environment, people and the night was just marvelous.

ImageLincoln Memorial. Washington D.C. 4th of July 2012.

President Lincoln and his wife, Mary Lincoln, went to see a play, Our American Cousin, at Ford’s Theater in Washington on Good Friday, April 14, 1865. When around ten o’clock, a pro-slavery extremist, actor John Wilkes Booth, entered the box where the Lincolns were seated and shot the president in the back of the head, stabbed one of the Lincoln’s guests and then jumped down the stage. President Lincoln died the following morning, April 15.

Historian says that Lincoln’s impressive achievement in ending the crisis started when he gradually moved by focusing first on stopping the spread of slavery.

Historians say, Lincoln leadership during the war was a great blueprint which was used successfully by following presidents; Woodrow Wilson during WWI and Franklin D. Roosevelt during WWII.

Mary Lincoln suffered from a deep depression which she never recovered from.

“A house divided against itself cannot stand”.

                                                            Abraham Lincoln.

ImageLincoln Memorial. Washington D.C

 S.

 

James Buchanan

James Buchanan

Fifteenth president of the United State served in the office for one term. He was an experienced politician before he became president. He never married; a personal tragedy caught him when he was engaged to Ann Coleman, a young daughter of Pennsylvania’s first millionaire. When her family disproved of Buchanan, she broke the engagement along with her family’s wishes. But soon after, she died as what was rumored to have been a suicide. Apparently, Buchanan never considered getting married again.

During this period, the United State was growing into an industrial power. Railroad was expanding across the country, improvement in water transportation with steamboats, the telegraph which improved the communication and advances in science challenged the religious beliefs.

One of the most important successes of Buchanan presidency was opening and securing the West Coast ports which helped improving and growing the trade with Asian nations.

He wasn’t successful in achieving successes regarding slavery issue and tensions between North and South continued to grow.

Buchanan believed that a president should be limited to one term only and he did not tried for the second term himself.

The term “first lady” was appeared for the first time in print in 1860, to describe Buchanan’s niece, Harriet Lane. She was Buchanan’s sister and both her parents Jane Lane and Elliot Tole Lane died at the time Harriet was eleven and her uncle, James Buchanan became her guardian.

Harriet began to establish a national gallery of art. After she died in 1903, her collection of paintings was donated to the Smithsonian Institution research and education center.

After Buchanan, legendary Abraham Lincoln became the president of the new nation.

S.